Session 1 – Introduction to HNV farmland in Nordic regions
EFNCP, outlined the rationale of the conference.
Download: Session 1 – Gwyn Jones (PDF, 12.400 KB)
from the IEEP, London, gave a presentation on HNV farmland in European policy.
Download: Session 1 – Tamsin Cooper (PDF, 167 KB)
Finish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, criticized the present HNV concept for completely failing in identifying HNV farmland in boreal areas. Research in Finland suggests that birds can be used as an indicator to define HNV. To be able to do this it is necessary to identify the main landscape and climatic elements determining farmland bird diversity, species richness and abundance in boreal farmland landscapes. Dr Tiainen concluded that in Finland the presence of mosaic landscape and low intensity farming are probably important factors for determining HNV.
Download: Session 1 – Juha Tiainen (PDF, 2.900 KB)
from the Finnish Environment Institute asked how HNV farmland should be defined in the Nordic concept. HNV is not related to the climatic factors underlying Nordic LFAs. Research is being carried out aiming to classify municipalities according to their HNV values. Statistical data on farms and practices, valuable habitats, species occurrence and above all the combined effects of these factors, will be studied.
Download: Session 1 – Janne Heliölä (PDF, 886 KB]
from the Swedish Board of Agriculture presented a future scenario 2020 for HNV farmland in Sweden. He stressed the importance of agriculture land for biodiversity, especially semi-natural pasture. In all the simulated future policy scenarios (CAP with full decoupling and reduced budget; WTO implementation with lower tariffs and subsidies but increased market access; and increased bioenergy production) semi-natural pasture will decrease. So to preserve biodiversity there will be a need for targeted measures (environmental payments), but there is a potential for increased efficiency (more HNV per euro).
Download: Session 1 – Bo Norell (PDF, 225 KB)
The session ended with an open discussion which once again highlighted the need to further clarify what HNV is and its role in policy.